爱上海网坛

itmc电子商务低价攻略 电商价格怎么定

拼多多运营 2021-07-28 10:37:58

IT之家6月30日消息,一年一度的ISC高性能计算大会如期而至,世界500强超级计算机排名昨日正式揭晓。

爱上海网坛 与去年的榜单相比,美国新能源部劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室的佩尔穆特系统新入围今年的TOP 10榜单。尽管中国的超级计算机数量已经下降到186台(去年为212台),但与美国排名第二的123台超级计算机相比,仍然遥遥领先。而美国的超级计算能力更强,综合性能美国为856.8 Pflop/s,中国为445.3 Pflop/s。

爱上海网坛 以下是Top10中系统的总结(引自Top500):

爱上海网坛 日本的Fugaku仍然是第一台超级计算机系统。它有7,630,848个内核,使其能够达到442 p flop/s的HPL基准得分,这使其领先第二名三倍。

Summit是IBM在美国田纳西州橡树岭国家实验室(ORNL)搭建的系统,至今仍是美国最快的系统。其在HPL基准测试中的性能为148.8 Pflop/s,排名全球第二。用于排名500强榜单。Summit有4,356个节点,每个节点包含两个Power9 CPU,每个CPU有22个内核,以及6个NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPU,每个都有80个流式多处理器(SM)。这些节点通过Mellanox双轨EDR InfiniBand网络连接在一起。

美国加州劳伦斯利弗莫尔国家实验室的Sierra系统排名第三。它的架构非常类似于#2的Summit系统。它由4320个节点组成,配有两个Power9 CPU和四个NVIDIA特斯拉V100 GPU。Sierra达到了94.6 p的翻牌/秒。

爱上海网坛 由中国并行计算机工程与技术研究中心(NRCPC)开发,在江苏无锡国家超级计算中心建立的神威太湖之光以93 p FLOP/s排名第四.

爱上海网坛 排名第五的佩尔穆特是TOP10的新成员。它基于HPECRAY“Shasta”平台,是一个异构系统,具有基于AMD EPYC的节点和1536个NVIDIA A100加速节点。佩尔穆特达到64.6pflop/s。

现在排名第六的塞勒涅,是安装在NVIDIA内部的NVIDIA DGX A100 superpad。该系统基于AMD EPYC处理器,由NVIDIA A100加速,由Mellanox HDR InfiniBand组网,达到63.4p FLOP/s。

由中国国防科技大学(NUDT)开发并部署在中国广州国家超级计算机中心的天河路-2A系统,目前以61.4 Pflop /s的速度排名世界第七

一个名为“JUWELS助推器模块”的系统是8号。由阿托斯建造的BullSequana系统安装在德国的forschunszentrum Juelich(FZJ)上。系统采用AMD EPYC处理器搭配NVIDIA A100加速,采用Mellanox HDR InfiniBand作为类似塞勒涅系统的网络。它是欧洲最强大的系统,计算能力为44.1 pflop/s。

爱上海网坛 HPC5排名第9位的是

戴尔构建、意大利 Eni SpA 安装的 PowerEdge 系统,由于使用 NVIDIA Tesla V100 作为加速器和 Mellanox HDR InfiniBand 作为网络,实现了 35.5 Pflop/s 的性能。


  • Frontera 是一款戴尔 C6420 系统,安装在得克萨斯大学的得克萨斯高级计算中心,目前排名第 10。它使用 448,448 个英特尔至强内核实现了 23.5 Pflop/s。



  • 值得注意的是,此次榜单中大多数系统采用了 AMD 和英伟达的方案。另外,名单上更新的两个新系统“超级云”,能够同时满足 AI、高性能计算(HPC)和云端需求,这意味着,高性能计算正在同 AI 加速融合。


    此外,英伟达也在本次 ISC 大会上发布了全新的 HGX A100 系统,且已经在英国爱丁堡大学托管的 DiRAC 超级计算机中落地。


    爱上海网坛据介绍,英伟达 HGX A100 加入了三项关键技术:NVIDIA A100 80GB PCIe GPU、NVIDIA NDR 400G InfiniBand 网络和 NVIDIA Magnum IO GPUDirect Storage 软件。



    其中,A100 80GB PCle GPU 采用 NVIDIA Ampere 架构,与 A100 40GB 相比其内存带宽带到 2TB/S,提升 25% 。更高的内存容量和内存带宽,能够将更多的数据和更大的神经网络保存在内存中,从而最大限度地减少节点通信和能耗,研究人员也能获得更高的吞吐率和更快的结果。


    目前,英伟达最新 HGX 高性能计算平台已落地英国爱丁堡大学,为其托管的新型 DiRAC 超级计算机 Tursa 提供动力支持。


    IT之家提醒,以下为 Top100:


    名称配置位置
    11Supercomputer FugakuSupercomputer Fugaku, A64FX 48C 2.2GHz, Tofu interconnect DRIKEN Center for Computational Science
    22SummitIBM Power System AC922, IBM POWER9 22C 3.07GHz, NVIDIA Volta GV100, Dual-rail Mellanox EDR InfinibandDOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    33SierraIBM Power System AC922, IBM POWER9 22C 3.1GHz, NVIDIA Volta GV100, Dual-rail Mellanox EDR InfinibandDOE/NNSA/LLNL
    44Sunway TaihuLightSunway MPP, Sunway SW26010 260C 1.45GHz, SunwayNational Supercomputing Center in Wuxi
    5
    PerlmutterHPE Cray EX235n, AMD EPYC 7763 64C 2.45GHz, NVIDIA A100 SXM4 40 GB, Slingshot-10DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
    65SeleneNVIDIA DGX A100, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100, Mellanox HDR InfinibandNVIDIA Corporation
    76Tianhe-2ATH-IVB-FEP Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2692v2 12C 2.2GHz, TH Express-2, Matrix-2000National Super Computer Center in Guangzhou
    87JUWELS Booster ModuleBull Sequana XH2000 , AMD EPYC 7402 24C 2.8GHz, NVIDIA A100, Mellanox HDR InfiniBand/ParTec ParaStation ClusterSuiteForschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
    98HPC5PowerEdge C4140, Xeon Gold 6252 24C 2.1GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100, Mellanox HDR InfinibandEni S.p.A.
    109FronteraDell C6420, Xeon Platinum 8280 28C 2.7GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand HDRTexas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas
    1110Dammam-7Cray CS-Storm, Xeon Gold 6248 20C 2.5GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2, InfiniBand HDR 100Saudi Aramco
    12
    ABCI 2.0PRIMERGY GX2570 M6, Xeon Platinum 8360Y 36C 2.4GHz, NVIDIA A100 SXM4 40 GB, Infiniband HDRNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
    13
    Wisteria/BDEC-01 (Odyssey)PRIMEHPC FX1000, A64FX 48C 2.2GHz, Tofu interconnect DInformation Technology Center, The University of Tokyo
    1411Marconi-100IBM Power System AC922, IBM POWER9 16C 3GHz, Nvidia Volta V100, Dual-rail Mellanox EDR InfinibandCINECA
    1512Piz DaintCray XC50, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Aries interconnect , NVIDIA Tesla P100Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS)
    1613TrinityCray XC40, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Aries interconnectDOE/NNSA/LANL/SNL
    1715SuperMUC-NGThinkSystem SD650, Xeon Platinum 8174 24C 3.1GHz, Intel Omni-PathLeibniz Rechenzentrum
    1816HawkApollo 9000, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, Mellanox HDR InfinibandHLRS - Hchstleistungsrechenzentrum Stuttgart
    19
    Ghawar-1HPE Cray EX, AMD EPYC 7702 64C 2GHz, Slingshot-10Saudi Aramco
    2017LassenIBM Power System AC922, IBM POWER9 22C 3.1GHz, Dual-rail Mellanox EDR Infiniband, NVIDIA Tesla V100DOE/NNSA/LLNL
    2118PANGEA IIIIBM Power System AC922, IBM POWER9 18C 3.45GHz, Dual-rail Mellanox EDR Infiniband, NVIDIA Volta GV100Total Exploration Production
    22
    HiPerGator AINVIDIA DGX A100, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100, Infiniband HDRUniversity of Florida
    23
    MaruThinkSystem SD650 V2, Xeon Platinum 8368Q 38C 2.6GHz, Infiniband HDRKorean Meteorological Administration
    24
    GuruThinkSystem SD650 V2, Xeon Platinum 8368Q 38C 2.6GHz, Infiniband HDRKorean Meteorological Administration
    2519TOKI-SORAPRIMEHPC FX1000, A64FX 48C 2.2GHz, Tofu interconnect DJapan Aerospace eXploration Agency
    26
    Pioneer-EUSNDv4 cluster, AMD EPYC 7V12 48C 2.45GHz, NVIDIA A100, Infiniband HDRAzure East US
    27
    Pioneer-SCUSNDv4 cluster, AMD EPYC 7V12 48C 2.45GHz, NVIDIA A100, Infiniband HDRAzure South Central US
    28
    Pioneer-WEUNDv4 cluster, AMD EPYC 7V12 48C 2.45GHz, NVIDIA A100, Infiniband HDRAzure West Europe
    29
    Pioneer-WUS2NDv4 cluster, AMD EPYC 7V12 48C 2.45GHz, NVIDIA A100, Infiniband HDRAzure West US 2
    3020CoriCray XC40, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Aries interconnect DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
    3121NurionCray CS500, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Intel Omni-PathKorea Institute of Science and Technology Information
    3222Oakforest-PACSPRIMERGY CX1640 M1, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Intel Omni-PathJoint Center for Advanced High Performance Computing
    3323HPC4Proliant DL380 Gen10, Xeon Platinum 8160 24C 2.1GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand EDR, NVIDIA Tesla P100Eni S.p.A.
    3424Tera-1000-2Bull Sequana X1000, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz, Bull BXI 1.2Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
    3525Stampede2PowerEdge C6320P/C6420, Intel Xeon Phi 7250 68C 1.4GHz/Platinum 8160, Intel Omni-PathTexas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas
    36
    MeluXina - Accelerator ModuleBullSequana XH2000, AMD EPYC 7452 32C 2.35GHz, NVIDIA A100 40GB, Mellanox HDR InfiniBand/ParTec ParaStation ClusterSuiteLuxProvide
    37
    CactusHPE Cray EX, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, Slingshot-10GDIT/NOAA/WCOSS
    38
    DogwoodHPE Cray EX, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, Slingshot-10GDIT/NOAA/WCOSS
    39
    Earth Simulator -SX-Aurora TSUBASASX-Aurora TSUBASA A401-8, Vector Engine Type20B 8C 1.6GHz, Infiniband HDR200Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
    40
    Amazon EC2 Instance Cluster us-east-1aAmazon EC2 r5.24xlarge, Xeon Platinum 8260 24C 2.4GHz, 25G EthernetDescartes Labs
    41
    NVIDIA Cambridge-1 DGX SuperPODNVIDIA DGX A100, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100 80GB, Infiniband HDRNVIDIA Corporation
    4226DGX SuperPODNVIDIA DGX-2H, Xeon Platinum 8174 24C 3.1GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100, Mellanox InfiniBand EDRNVIDIA Corporation
    43
    JURECA Data Centric ModuleBullSequana XH2000, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100 40GB, Mellanox HDR InfiniBand/ParTec ParaStation ClusterSuiteForschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
    4427GadiPRIMERGY CX2570 M5, ThinkSystem SD650, Xeon Platinum 8274/8268, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2, Mellanox HDR InfinibandNational Computational Infrastructure (NCI Australia)
    4528Taiwania 2QCT QuantaGrid D52G-4U/LC, Xeon Gold 6154 18C 3GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand EDR, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2National Center for High Performance Computing
    46
    DragoSupermicro SYS-4029GP-TVRT, Xeon Gold 6230R 26C 2.1GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100, Infiniband EDRPetróleo Brasileiro S.A
    47
    Raven-GPUThinkSystem SD650-N V2, Xeon Platinum 8360Y 36C 2.4GHz, NVIDIA A100, Mellanox HDR InfinibandMax-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
    4829AiMOSIBM Power System AC922, IBM POWER9 20C 3.45GHz, NVIDIA Volta GV100, Dual-rail Mellanox EDR InfinibandRensselaer Polytechnic Institute Center for Computational Innovations (CCI)
    4930TaranisBull Sequana XH2000 , AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand HDR100Meteo France
    5031TSUBAME3.0SGI ICE XA, IP139-SXM2, Xeon E5-2680v4 14C 2.4GHz, Intel Omni-Path, NVIDIA Tesla P100 SXM2GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
    5132RoxyApollo 2000, Xeon Gold 6248 20C 2.5GHz, Infiniband EDRGovernment
    52
    HoreKa-GreenThinkSystem SD650 V2, Xeon Platinum 8368 38C 2.4GHz, NVIDIA A100 40GB, Mellanox HDR InfinibandKarlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
    53
    NarwhalHPE Cray EX, AMD EPYC 7H12 64C 2.6GHz, Slingshot-10Navy DSRC
    5433Plasma SimulatorSX-Aurora TSUBASA A412-8, Vector Engine Type10AE 8C 1.58GHz, Infiniband HDR 200National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS)
    5534BelenosBull Sequana XH2000 , AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, Mellanox HDR100Meteo France
    5635PupMayaApollo 2000, Xeon Gold 6148 20C 2.4GHz, Infiniband EDRGovernment
    5736ArtemisNVIDIA DGX-2, Xeon Platinum 8168 24C 2.7GHz, Infiniband EDR, NVIDIA Tesla V100Group 42
    5837
    Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2695v4 18C 2.1GHz, Aries interconnect United Kingdom Meteorological Office
    5938JOLIOT-CURIE ROMEBull Sequana XH2000 , AMD Rome 7H12 64C 2.6GHz, Mellanox HDR100CEA/TGCC-GENCI
    6039ThetaCray XC40, Intel Xeon Phi 7230 64C 1.3GHz, Aries interconnect DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
    6140ChristofariNVIDIA DGX-2, Xeon Platinum 8168 24C 2.7GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand EDR, NVIDIA Tesla V100SberCloud
    6241FlowPRIMEHPC FX1000, A64FX 48C 2.2GHz, Tofu interconnect DInformation Technology Center, Nagoya University
    6342MareNostrumLenovo SD530, Xeon Platinum 8160 24C 2.1GHz, Intel Omni-PathBarcelona Supercomputing Center
    6443ONYXCray XC40, Xeon E5-2699v4 22C 2.2GHz, Aries interconnect ERDC DSRC
    6544JUWELS Module 1Bull Sequana X1000, Xeon Platinum 8168 24C 2.7GHz, Mellanox EDR InfiniBand/ParTec ParaStation ClusterSuiteForschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
    6645
    HPE SGI 8600, Xeon Gold 6248R 24C 3GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2, Infiniband EDRJapan Atomic Energy Agency(JAEA)/ National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology(QST)
    67
    SQUID - CPU NodesNEC LX 103Bj-8, Xeon Platinum 8368 38C 2.4GHz, Infiniband HDR200Osaka University
    6855LiseBull intel Cluster, Intel Xeon Platinum 9242 48C 2.3GHz, Intel Omni-PathHLRN at ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum Berlin
    69
    Karolina, GPU partitionApollo 6500, AMD EPYC 7452 32C 2.35GHz, NVIDIA A100 SXM4 40 GB, Infiniband HDR200IT4Innovations National Supercomputing Center, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava
    7046PleiadesSGI ICE X, Intel Xeon E5-2670/E5-2680v2/E5-2680v3/E5-2680v4 2.6/2.8/2.5/2.4 GHz, Infiniband FDRNASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
    7147Emmy+BullSequana X, Intel Xeon Platinum 9242/Gold 6148, Intel Omni-PathHLRN+ at GWDG/University of Gttingen
    72
    AitkenHPE Apollo 9000/HPE SGI 8600, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz/Intel Xeon Gold 6248 20C 2.5GHz, Mellanox EDR/HDR InfinibandNASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
    7348SawtoothHPE SGI 8600, Xeon Platinum 8268 24C 2.9GHz, Infiniband EDR/HDR Idaho National Laboratory
    7449
    Cray XC50, Xeon Platinum 8160 24C 2.1GHz, Aries interconnect Japan Meteorological Agency
    7550
    Cray XC50, Xeon Platinum 8160 24C 2.1GHz, Aries interconnect Japan Meteorological Agency
    7651COBRAIntel Compute Module HNS2600BP, Xeon Gold 6148 20C 2.4GHz, Intel Omni-PathMax-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
    7752Shaheen IICray XC40, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, Aries interconnect King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
    7853ElectraHPE SGI 8600/SGI ICE-X, E5-2680V4/ Xeon Gold 6148 20C 2.4GHz, Infiniband EDR/FDR-56 IBNASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
    79
    RavenThinkSystem SD650 V2, Xeon Platinum 8360Y 36C 2.4GHz, InfiniBand HDR 100Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
    8054MAHTIBull Sequana XH2000 , AMD Rome 7H12 64C 2.6GHz, Mellanox HDR100CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
    8156PangeaSGI ICE X, Xeon Xeon E5-2670/ E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDRTotal Exploration Production
    82
    BerzeliusNVIDIA DGX A100, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100, Infiniband HDRNational Supercomputer Centre (NSC)
    8357TX-GAIA (Green AI Accelerator)Apollo 2000, Xeon Gold 6248 20C 2.5GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100, Intel Omni-PathMIT Lincoln Laboratory Supercomputing Center
    84
    BioHive-1NVIDIA DGX A100, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100, Mellanox HDR InfinibandRecursion
    8558Flow Type II subsystemPRIMERGY CX2570 M5, Xeon Gold 6230 20C 2.1GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2, Infiniband EDRInformation Technology Center, Nagoya University
    8659EagleHPE SGI 8600, Xeon Gold 6154 18C 3GHz, EDR Infiniband/ 8D HypercubeNational Renewable Energy Laboratory
    8760CheyenneSGI ICE XA, Xeon E5-2697v4 18C 2.3GHz, Infiniband EDRNational Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
    8861BetzyBull Sequana XH2000 , AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, Mellanox HDR InfinibandUNINETT Sigma2 AS
    8962PARAM Siddhi-AINVIDIA DGX A100, AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz, NVIDIA A100, Mellanox HDR InfinibandCenter for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)
    9063ITO - Subsystem AFujitsu PRIMERGY CX2550/CX2560 M4, Xeon Gold 6154 18C 3GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand EDRResearch Institute for Information Technology, Kyushu University
    91
    DiscovererBullSequana XH2000, AMD EPYC 7H12 64C 2.6GHz, Infiniband HDRConsortium Petascale Supercomputer Bulgaria
    9264Jean ZayHPE SGI 8600, Xeon Gold 6248 20C 2.5GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2, Intel Omni-PathCNRS/IDRIS-GENCI
    93
    Wisteria/BDEC-01 (Aquarius)PRIMERGY GX2570 M6, Xeon Platinum 8360Y 36C 2.4GHz, NVIDIA A100 SXM4 40 GB, Infiniband HDRInformation Technology Center, The University of Tokyo
    9465AtlasBull 4029GP-TVRT, Xeon Gold 6240 18C 2.6GHz, NVIDIA Tesla V100, Infiniband EDRPetróleo Brasileiro S.A
    9566Advanced Computing System(PreE)Sugon TC8600, Hygon Dhyana 32C 2GHz, Deep Computing Processor, 200Gb 6D-TorusSugon
    9667CRONOSBullSequana X, Xeon Platinum 8260 24C 2.4GHz, Infiniband HDREDF
    9768Oakbridge-CXFujitsu PRIMERGY CX2550/CX2560 M5, Xeon Platinum 8280 28C 2.7GHz, Intel Omni-PathInformation Technology Center, The University of Tokyo
    9869SNL/NNSA CTS-1 ManzanoTundra Extreme Scale, Xeon Platinum 8268 24C 2.9GHz, Intel Omni-PathSandia National Laboratories
    9970
    Apollo 6500 XL270d Gen10, Xeon Gold 6140 18C 2.3GHz, Mellanox InfiniBand EDR, NVIDIA Tesla V100 SXM2Research Institute
    100
    Wilkes-3PowerEdge XE8545, AMD EPYC 7763 64C 2.45GHz, NVIDIA A100 80GB, Infiniband HDR200 dual railUniversity of Cambridge


    ▲“富岳”超级计算机


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